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Introduction to Gingers
The name "Ginger" is the common name for the Ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Within Zingiberaceae, are 52 genera and more than 1300 species, distributed throughout tropical Asia, Africa and Americas.

Many species produces beautiful and aromatic flowers and leaves.Most gingers are terrestrial herbs with creeping horizontal or tuberous rhizomes.

Gingers were highly used as ornamental plants, spices and medicinal plants. Some of the ornamental genera includes the shell gingers (Alpinia), torch-ginger (Zingiber), ginger lily (Hedychium) and Kaempferias. Spices are manily Zingiber, galangal and tumeric (Curcuma).

Cultivation of Gingers
Growing conditions are varied depending on original habitat of species; the best way to learn how to grow them is by studying their natural habitats.

Gingers are found in high and lowland tropical forest. Lowland species prefer warm temperatures to grow well while highland montane gingers would definitely love the chill. Grow your gingers according to their habitat conditions.

While some species are able to tolerate full sun, others prefer to be in the cooler shade. A ginger that grows out in the open requires constant water from the ground to prevent sun burns and they usually are in full green. Shaded species are usually shorter in height and has darker green leaves or decorated with other color pigments. In general, grow most gingers under filtered light; adjust the light level to suit different species according to their habitats.

Tall species usually have their rhizome buried deep in the earth and they also have a deep and good network of roots to draw water to support their leaves. The soil is usually compact but well draining. Species that grows in the forest under-story will grow mainly in loose leaf litter, drawing nutrients from rich decaying materials. Gingers grow well in fertile and draining medium. A mixture of compost, sand and gardening soil should be good for most species.


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